In his briefing to the #UNSC, #UNMISS SRSG Haysom shares devastating impact of floods in #SouthSudan which have displaced hundreds of thousands of people who are now in desperate need of assistance @UNPeacekeeping #A4P
— UNMISS (@unmissmedia) December 15, 2021
One of the challenges is the establishment of the Necessary Unified Forces, which the Representative called “an initial step in a complex but essential process of constructing a national army.”
On 8 December, Mr. Haysom met with Salva Kiir, and raised his concerns. After the meeting, the Joint Defense Board announced some progress on the Implementation of the transitional security arrangements.
The President has also announced elections to be held in 2023. For the Special Envoy, that will likely prove “a dramatic challenge” in the transition next year.
The Envoy expects the “domestic political temperature to rise” as elections draw closer, and he is “deeply concerned” at the restrictions on civic space.
He told ambassadors he was concerned about the slow operationalisation of parliament, which might cause a “logjam” on critical bills to facilitate constitution-making, elections preparations, the establishment of national justice institutions, adopting the national budget, and public financial reforms.
In regard to protection of civilians, the permanent ceasefire is holding. The number of civilian casualties attributed to localised violence has roughly halved in 2021, compared to the same period last year.
Mr. Haysom attributed this “partly” to the actions of the UN Mission (UNMISS).
He warned Council members however, that civilians still bear the brunt of the conflict, “perpetuating cycles of trauma and revenge that undermines the prospects for longer-term reconciliation and societal healing.”
The Director of the Coordination Division at the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) also briefed the Council.
According to Wafaa Saeed, the South Sudanese are facing the highest levels of food insecurity since independence in 2011 and the renewed conflict, which began in 2013.
The latest IPC analysis, indicates that between April and July, 7.2 million people were estimated to be at crisis phase, of which 2.4 million are at emergency phase. Around 108,000 people in six counties faced catastrophic levels of acute food insecurity.