Undercutting the ocean
The ocean produces more than 50 per cent of the planet’s oxygen, is the main source of sustenance for more than a billion people, and provides work through its industries for some 40 million employees.
“Yet, ocean resources and biodiversity are being undermined by human activities”, he warned.
He remined that more than one third of the world’s fish stocks are harvested at biologically unsustainable levels, a significant proportion of coral reefs have been destroyed, and coastal dead zones from land-based pollution are growing.
“Plastic pollution has reached the remotest islands and deepest ocean trenches,” Mr. Guterres said.
‘Collective action’ needed
To achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the objectives of the Paris Agreement on climate change, he flagged that “we urgently need collective action to revitalize the ocean.”
“That means finding a new balance in our relationship with the marine environment…working together with nature, not against it, and building inclusive and diverse partnerships across regions, sectors, and communities to collaborate creatively on ocean solutions.”
Fortunately, he continued, momentum around the world is growing in that direction.
Mr. Guterres recalled that last November, the UN climate conference in Glasgow (COP26) recognized the role of marine ecosystems in achieving the world’s climate goals.
And in March, countries agreed to work together on a new treaty to end the plastic pollution that is threatening the marine environment.
Meanwhile later this month, he said that the UN Ocean Conference in Portugal will focus on scaling up action, based on science and innovation to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 14 (SDG14), on life below the water.
Discussions in Lisbon will continue on a new agreement focussing on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction.
“On this World Oceans Day, I urge all those with a stake in ocean health to come together to revitalize our seas and oceans,” Mr. Guterres concluded.
A window to the sea
The day also unveiled the winners of the 2022 World Oceans Day Photo Competition.
The UN-hosted contest is curated by underwater and wildlife photographer Ellen Cuylaerts and photos selected by a jury of the world-renowned photographers and artists Rathika Ramasamy, Sirachai Arunrugstichai and Y Zin Kim
A winner and two finalists were selected from each of the six categories – Above Water Seascapes; Coastal Communities; Underwater Sea Scapes; Nature Based Solutions & Ocean Discoveries; Ocean Critters; and Revitalization.
A marine biologist checks a reef aquarium inside a laboratory at the Australian Institute of Marine Science.