The #SecurityCouncil in fulfilling its mandate also relies on the success of the #UNGA, #ECOSOC & the #ICJ fulfilling their respective mandates & in creating conditions that foster a truly sustainable peace.
Pic taken prior to 🇲🇽s Open Debate on Preventive Diplomacy pic.twitter.com/HI2VwK4vvk
— UN GA President (@UN_PGA) November 16, 2021
Conflicts can also be sparked by gaps in public trust, both in institutions and in one another.
“These gaps are potential flashpoints for violence and even conflict”, spelled out the UN chief.
That means not only defusing tensions through dialogue, but also ensuring that no mother is forced to skip a meal to feed her children. Closing development gaps and bringing people hope can help stabilize societies and reduce the inequalities that stoke conflict.
UN prevention toolkit
The UN chief emphasized that for 76 years, the UN has given the world “a home for dialogue, as well as the tools and mechanisms necessary for the peaceful settlement of disputes”.
Citing the judicial dimension of prevention – provided by the Hague-based International Court of Justice – as well as the Economic and Social Council’s work to advance sustainable development, he also recalled his own calls for a surge in diplomacy and conflict prevention efforts.
Those efforts have included reviews of all the tools comprising the UN’s peace architecture, better integration of prevention and risk-management and more innovation and foresight.
Another crucial tool is the UN’s increasingly close partnerships with regional and subregional groups, such as the African Union, which bring critical in-depth knowledge of dynamics on the ground.
He highlighted the Our Common Agenda report, which takes a holistic view of global security and proposes a new social contract.
Drivers of instability
President of the General Assembly Abdulla Shahid said that over the decades the UN has learned more about the link between socioeconomic factors and conflict.
Spotlighting some of today’s most critical emerging challenges, he pointed to the COVID-19 pandemic as exacerbating socioeconomic struggles and inequality; the climate crises that threaten displacement; and ineffective institutions that rob people of hope.
Meanwhile, the absence of democratic participation, political freedoms and equality deprives entire populations of their human rights.
While global security will always fall under the Security Council, he maintained that it can be complemented by the Assembly and the Economic and Social Council’s (ECOSOC) efforts to build more resilient and prosperous communities.